Who Said You Should Stop Eating Sugar?(talk about portion control, not quitting)

Written by CN Chikezie


Your body derives energy from the sugar in your cells. In a process called glycolysis, your cells oxidize glucose to produce either pyruvate or lactate, which then is further metabolized to ultimately produce adenosine triphosphate, or ATP. ATP is a high-energy molecule that supplies your cells with fuel for activities such as muscle contraction. Your cells can also derive energy from sugars other than glucose, including fructose, from fruit or table sugar, and galactose, from milk. Your dietary sugars supply four calories of energy for each gram of carbohydrate you consume.

When you eat more dietary carbohydrate than your body needs as fuel, some of the excess sugar may convert to glycogen. Glycogen is a storage form of starch your muscles and liver stockpile in modest amounts. While your muscle glycogen is available strictly for use by your muscle tissue, your liver glycogen can travel to other tissues as needed. This matters because some organs, such as your brain, require glucose as an energy source. Your liver glycogen thus serves as a means to fuel your brain when your blood sugar levels are low.

Although your body prefers to burn dietary carbohydrates for energy over proteins or fats, when sugars are scarce, your body may turn to other sources to fuel itself. For example, if your sugar intake is low, you may burn the amino acids from your dietary protein to supply energy to your tissues. When you do this, however, the protein you consume is unavailable for other uses, such as building muscle or maintaining your current muscle mass. Sufficient dietary carbohydrates help you conserve your muscle tissue.

In addition to glycogen formation, excess dietary sugars may convert to amino acids or fatty acids. This process depends not only on the amount of sugars you consume but also on your other physiological needs. For example, if your needs for sugar metabolism are satisfied, your cells may use part of an excess glucose molecule to synthesize a needed amino acid. Alternatively, you may convert excess carbohydrates to fatty acids for long-term storage in your fat tissue.

The World Health Organization guideline is that "added sugar" should make up no more than 10% of our daily intake.
............ Enjoy!